Prof. Dr. Thomas Knoke


Forest Management

Academic Career and Research Areas

Thomas Knoke (b. 1965) explores sustainable use concepts for forest and other landscapes. His particular interest lies in risk modeling and diversification strategy planning. Methodologies drawn from decision theory, operations research and modern finance theory are applied to forest science issues and land use problems in general.
Having studied forest science at LMU Munich, Knoke completed his doctorate in 1998. He acquired his postdoctoral teaching qualification (habilitation) at TUM in 2003. His research interests have led him to the Institute for Commercial Forestry Research (South Africa), the Instituto Forestal (Chile) and the Chinese Academy of Forestry. He also traveled to Ecuador as a member of the FOR 816 research group. In 2013 he declined the offer of an appointment to Albert-Ludwigs-University in Freiburg as professor of “Forest Economics and Forest Planning”. Knoke’s other activities include acting as a court expert, being in charge of LMU Munich’s university forest and giving expert advice to forest owners.


  • Thurn und Taxis Award for Forest Science (2004)
  • Nominee for the German Forest Science Prize (2004)
  • Karl Abetz Prize of the University of Freiburg (1999)

Knoke T, Paul C, Rammig A, Gosling E, Hildebrandt P, Härtl F, Peters T, Richter M, Diertl KH, Castro LC, Calvas B, Ochoa S, Valle‐Carrión L, Hamer U, Tischer A, Potthast K, Windhorst D, Homeier J, Wilcke W, Velescu A, Gerique A, Pohle P, Adams J, Breuer L, Mosandl R, Beck E, Weber M, Stimm B, Brenner S, Verburg P, Bendix J:” Accounting for multiple ecosystem services in a simulation of land‐use decisions: Does it reduce tropical deforestation?” Global Change Biology. 2020. doi:10.1111/gcb.15003.


Paul C., Hanley N., Meyer S., Fürst C., Weisser W., Knoke, T: “On the functional relationship between biodiversity and economic value”. Science Advances. 2020: 1-17.


Knoke T Paul C, Hildebrandt P, Calvas B, Castro L.M, Hartl F, Döllerer M, Hamer U, Windhorst D, Wiersma Y.F, Curatola Fernandez Giulia F, Obermeier W.A, Adams J, Breuer L, Mosandl R, Beck E, Weber M, Stimm B, Haber W, Fürst C, Bendix J: "Compositional diversity of rehabilitated tropical lands supports multiple ecosystem services and buffers uncertainties". Nature Communications. 2016; 7: 11877.


Neuner S, Albrecht A, Cullmann D, Engels F, Griess VC, Hahn WA, Hanewinkel M, Härtl F, Kölling C, Staupendahl K, Knoke T: "Survival of Norway spruce remains higher in mixed stands under a dryer and warmer climate". Global Change Biology. 2015; 21(2): 935-946.


Knoke T, Bendix J, Pohle P, Hamer U, Hildebrandt P, Roos K, Gerique A, Sandoval M. L, Breuer L, Tischer A, Silva B, Calvas B, Aguirre N, Castro L. M, Windhorst D, Weber M, Stimm B, Günter S, Palomeque X, Mora J, Mosandl R, Beck E: "Afforestation or intense pasturing improve the ecological and economic value of abandoned tropical farmlands". Nature Communications. 2014; 5: 5612.